|S'akowin, digital montage
How do monumental artworks and other
public infrastructure contribute to Indigenous peoples’ ongoing
invisibility in the public sphere? How can art in public space address
institutional racism and challenge colonial mechanisms that persist in
governing our societal systems? What must shift so that Indigenous
artists have equal access to public art opportunities?
Our society and world have shifted in unprecedented ways this year, bringing us not only a pandemic, but also a reckoning on institutional racism in America. Monuments to colonial and Confederate symbols have been removed and come under scrutiny while critical perspectives on artwork in public spaces have become urgent. This year is also the 400th anniversary of the landing of English separatists at Patuxet—known today as Plymouth, Massachusetts—where festivities lauding the American colonial project are underway.
Recognizing that celebrations of colonization marginalize Indigenous people and minimize the realities for generations of people affected by genocide, slavery, and ethnic cleansing, we are presenting Centering Justice: Indigenous Artists’ Perspectives on Public Art. This virtual symposium aims to provide a critical counterpoint to these activities and create pathways for a strong Indigenous presence in public spaces that continue to exclude Native American peoples on their own land.
On September 22, 23, and 24 the Centering Justice project, a collaboration with the New England Foundation for the Arts Public Art team hosted Indigenous artists and cultural practitioners from local, regional, and national tribal communities who are working across a range of art forms. They came together as thought leaders to present their visions for how art in public space can generate momentum to increase intercultural understanding, build community, and bring about vital transformational change.
In addition to the two-day symposium, a pre-symposium discussion, co-hosted by NEFA and the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) as a part of the Public Art, Public Memory discussion series. Public Art, Public Memory explores the role that planners, artists, and government staff can play in promoting more just and inclusive public spaces through public art and community history.
Indigenous artists’ interventions into the practice of public art contributes powerfully to the process of healing colonized peoples and places. Considerations that are embedded in notions of public space within our settler-colonial society—such as the erasure of Indigenous peoples and histories and the supplanting of Western doctrines over Indigenous cultures—influence how the work is understood and received. The symposium will examine these issues and explore how Indigenous artists overcome the barriers to bringing forth their multidimensional perspectives in the public realm to communicate our deep relationships to each other and the world around us.
View all the panels here.
During this virtual panel series, Indigenous leaders, artists and allies spoke about their work in the public realm, and addressed how public symbols perpetuating colonial myths affect the lives of Indigenous people in the city, contributing to the public health emergency of racism. It was live streamed through the Mayor's Office of Arts & Culture Boston Facebook page.
Facilitated by Erin Genia, Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota, Artist-in-Residence, City of Boston
Part 1, July 21st
Speakers: Mahtowin Munro, Lakota, Co-leader of United American Indians
of New England and lead organizer for IndigenousPeoplesDayMA.org; Lilly E. Manycolors, mixed Choctaw, interdisciplinary artist
class; Jean-Luc Pierite, Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana,
President of the Board, North American Indian Center of Boston
Part 2, July 28th
Part 3, August 4th
Speakers: Jenny Oliver, member of the Massachusett Tribe at Ponkapag, artist and educator; Kristen Wyman, Nipmuc, co-founder of Eastern Woodlands Rematriation (EWR).
6.5mm x 11.5 mm cylinder carved from canupa iŋyan/ pipestone/ catlinite
photo by Sam Genia
For info about the launch, and to watch it live, click here.
|Canupa Iŋyan: Falling Star Woman, front|
There are varying versions of this story within oral tradition, each possessing different elements and outcomes for Falling Star Woman. In this piece, I chose the elements that are most prominent in my recollection, in order to recreate her voyage into space, and her path falling back down to earth's gravity field.
|Canupa Iŋyan: Falling Star Woman, rear|
The carving shows the moment she is transformed into a falling star and becomes Wicahnpi Hinhpayawin/ Falling Star Woman. Her face appears on one side of the cylinder and her hair flows into the shape of an eight-pointed star on the other end. On her body, I carved a Dakota floral pattern to show the strong pull she felt to resume her duties to her people as a plant medicine healer, and the relevance of the stars to planting seasons.
|detail of Dakota floral pattern on shaft|
This piece is a extension of my ongoing project: "Canupa Iŋyan: carvings of my ancestors," in which I work with pipestone and study its history and cultural forms. This stone comes from the quarry located on Dakota homelands where people of many tribes historically came together to dig stone for their pipes. Today, due to colonization, the quarry is under the jurisdiction of the United States, and it is known as Pipestone National Monument, in Minnesota.
|pipestone carving of Wicahnpi Hinhpayawin, through a lens|
This project has led me to museum collections around the US, where I have viewed, studied, documented, and spent time with ancestral Dakota canupa iŋyan pieces. According to Dakota philosophy, the historical pieces residing in museums are considered to be ancestors themselves, possessing a life of their own. Likewise, this stone is a vibrant form of life with much cultural significance.
|Falling Star Woman in the Mesosphere, acrylic on canvas, 42"x 30"|
|Piece with hand for scale|
The piece was made to fit into the Sojourner 2020 capsule, it measures 6.5 mm x 11.5 mm, and weighs only 0.86g. It is the smallest piece I have ever done, smaller than my fingernail, about the size of a pill. Sojourner 2020 is a unit built to hold art work investigations in a small space, it consists of three layers, the first that remains still in weightlessness, the second and third that rotate at the speed of the moon and Mars, respectively. Falling Star Woman is on the first layer and will experience zero gravity for the duration of her time on the ISS.
|Sojourner 2020, photo courtesy Xin Liu|
Canupa Iŋyan: Falling Star Woman is one of nine projects by international artists included on the International Space Station payload. Featured artists are:
More information about Sojourner 2020 is on the MIT Media Lab website, and information about the entire MIT payload is located here.
|detail of Falling Star Woman painting|
The work depicts a wild forest fire from above. The increasing number and severity of forest fires stems from the colonial legacy of destroying earth-based ways of knowing that are carried by Indigenous peoples. One of these ways of knowing is a centuries-old practice of stewarding landscapes through a variety of methods that include controlled burns to manage forests. The loss of Indigenous peoples practicing these methods over widespread areas, accompanied by a prevalent view that the natural world is a set of natural resources meant for human and industrial consumption alone inevitably leads to uncontrolled wild fires and eventually, ecosystemic collapse.